Throat Cancer

What is the throat cancer?

Throat cancer is any cancer that forms in the throat. Cancer of the throat usually originates from cells which cover the mucous membrane lining the throat. Then when the tumor grows, it penetrates the mucous membrane and the muscle layers to surrounding tissues. The others organ will be affected are lymph nodes, neck lung.

Throat cancer can start in the oesophagus (food pipe), larynx (voice box) and thyroid gland or cells lining the throat (squamous cells.) Usually throat cancer can occur in three distinct regions: the oropharynx, the nasopharynx and the hypopharynx. Throat cancer three times more common in males than in females and generally does not occur before the age of 50.

How is throat Cancer treated?

Factors considered by ad doctor are the location of the cancer and the stage of development, as well as the impact treatment may have on your speech. You need to meet the doctor if chest colds last longer than two weeks, encountered unexplained hoarseness, voice become coarse, swollen lymph nodes appear in your neck and notice blood in the saliva and have nasal secretion.

If the throat cancer is detected at an early stage it can be cured through radiation and surgery while if not caught early enough the extensive surgery is required and the larynx and pharynx may have to remove.

What is type of throat cancer?
    • Squamous cell carcinoma

This type of throat cancer develops in the thin, flat cells that line much of the throat.these cells look scale-like when checked under a microscope. This  type of cancer most common in the United States.

    • Adenocarcinoma

Adenocarcinoma begins in the glandular cells of the throat.


What is risk factor of throat cancer?

The exact cause of throat cancer has yet to be identified but the majority 80 percent of those suffering from the dise

ase is people who regularly use tobacco. Among the risk factors were:

  • Tobacco use.
  • Regular and heavy consumption of alcohol.
  • Chronic goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland).
  • Radiation exposure
  • Family history of cancer. (genetic predisposition)

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